Although blood pressure is an essential part of our general health, many of us might not realize how important it is until something goes wrong. We will look into the foundations of blood pressure, the effects of hypertension (high blood pressure) in India, and the risks related to both low and high blood pressure in this blog. We will also go over what normal blood pressure is and offer helpful advice on how to keep it that way. Let’s discuss when it’s critical to seek medical attention last. Let’s maintain our blood pressure within the ideal range and set out on a healthier life together.
Blood Pressure: What is it?
The force that your blood exerts on your artery walls is known as blood pressure. It has two values: the greater systolic pressure and the lower diastolic pressure, and is expressed in millimeters of mercury (mm Hg). Your heart’s beating force is represented by the systolic pressure, and the force that your heart experiences between beats is represented by the diastolic pressure.
The Facts and Information Regarding Blood Pressure in India
In India, hypertension, or high blood pressure, is a serious public health issue. The National Family Health Survey (NFHS-4), which was carried out in 2015–2016, estimates that 9.2% of Indians are hypertensive. It is anticipated that this number would climb as a result of dietary changes, rising stress levels, and changing lifestyles.
Because it can go for a long period without causing any symptoms, hypertension is frequently referred to as a “silent killer”. As a result, it commonly remains misdiagnosed, which can result in grave health issues like kidney issues, heart disease, and stroke. Early intervention is essential if high blood pressure symptoms and risk factors are identified.
High Blood Pressure Symptoms and Risk Factors
There are several variables that can contribute to high blood pressure, including genetics, lifestyle, and environment. Typical risk variables consist of:
1. Unhealthy Diet: A diet deficient in foods high in potassium and high in saturated fats and sodium (salt) might raise blood pressure.
2. Insufficient Exercise: Idle lives lead to obesity, a recognized risk factor for high blood pressure.
3. Stress: Prolonged stress has been linked to high blood pressure.
4. Alcohol and Smoking: These behaviors can harm blood vessels and increase blood pressure.
5. Age: As people age, their risk of hypertension rises.
6. Family History: You may be at higher risk if you have a family history of high blood pressure.
High blood pressure symptoms might be mild or nonexistent. While some people with hypertension may have headaches, dizziness, or nosebleeds, the majority of those with the condition have no symptoms. Checking blood pressure on a regular basis is crucial for early detection.
Low Blood Pressure Symptoms and Risk Factors
Although hypotension, or low blood pressure, is less prevalent than hypertension, it can nonetheless be dangerous to one’s health. The following are a few possible reasons and signs of low blood pressure:
1. Dehydration: Low blood pressure might result from consuming insufficient fluids.
2. Medication: Blood pressure can decline as a result of some medications, such as those prescribed to treat excessive blood pressure.
3. Heart Issues: Bradycardia, or a slowed heart beat, and arrhythmias are two cardiac problems that can cause low blood pressure.
4. Endocrine Problems: Hypotension can result from diseases including hypothyroidism and adrenal insufficiency.
Low blood pressure can cause symptoms such as nausea, dizziness, fainting, and blurred vision. It is imperative to treat any persistent symptoms of severe hypotension as they may pose a serious threat to life.
Also Read: How to Keep Your Mind Healthy
What is the Blood Pressure Normal Range?
The usual range for a normal blood pressure reading is 90/60 mm Hg to 120/80 mm Hg. Although some fluctuation is normal, readings that are regularly high or low may be a sign of an issue. If your blood pressure is regularly higher than 120/80 or lower than 90/60, you need to take action to get it back within the normal range.
How to Keep Your Blood Pressure Normal
Blood pressure regulation is essential for general health and wellbeing. The following useful advice can assist you in reaching and maintaining appropriate blood pressure levels:
1. Consume a Balanced Diet: Make sure your diet is full of entire grains, fruits, veggies, and lean meats. Eat less salt and saturated fat.
2. Regular Exercise: Try to get in at least 150 minutes a week of aerobic activity at a moderate level. Exercise aids in blood pressure reduction and good weight maintenance.
3. Stress Management: Engage in stress-relieving activities like yoga, meditation, or deep breathing.
4. Limit drinking and Give Up Smoking: Cutting back on drinking and giving up smoking can both lower blood pressure.
5. Keep Your Weight at a Healthy Level: Reducing extra weight can dramatically lower blood pressure.
6. Remain Hydrated: To avoid dehydration, which can result in low blood pressure, make sure you consume adequate water.
7. Medical Adherence: Follow your doctor’s instructions if you are prescribed medication for high blood pressure.
When to Visit a Doctor
Keeping an eye on your blood pressure requires routine examinations with your physician. Additionally, if you encounter any of the following, get medical advice:
1. Consistently High Readings: In the event that your blood pressure is regularly higher than 120/80 mm Hg.
2. Regularly Low Readings: If the measurement of your blood pressure is regularly less than 90/60 mm Hg.
3. Symptoms: If you feel lightheaded, faint, have excruciating migraines, or have chest trouble.
4. Medication Side Effects: If you think that the medicine you’re taking for high blood pressure is having negative affects.
Blood Pressure Advice from Ayurveda
The traditional medical practise of Ayurveda has been scientifically proven to be successful in maintaining appropriate blood pressure levels. It uses the strength of organic herbs, minerals, and other elements to help balance the body’s three doshas and promote general well-being. Ayurveda emphasizes the need of modifying one’s lifestyle and adopting healthful practices to both support and prevent problems associated with appropriate blood pressure.
For long-term wellbeing, it is essential to keep your blood pressure within the normal range, as it is a critical indicator of your general health. In India, high blood pressure is a major health problem that can have far-reaching effects, and low blood pressure can also be dangerous. You can successfully control your blood pressure by adopting proactive lifestyle practices including a nutritious diet, frequent exercise, and stress reduction, as well as by being aware of the causes, symptoms, and risk factors linked to both illnesses. Recall that prompt action is crucial, so use caution and seek medical attention as required. Making maintaining your normal blood pressure a priority will pay off in a longer, happier life.